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The tale of George and Willie Muse, albino brothers living in the rural South during the late 1800s, is stirring.

According to accounts, the brothers were kidnapped as boys, sold off to a local carnival sideshow and paraded around the country. The Muse brothers were a rarity: Black albinos would be a lucrative attraction for a carnival with a so-called “human oddities” segment. According to a report by The Roanoke Times, the brothers were tricked by a bounty hunter working for a sideshow promoter and taken away from their mother. The man told the brothers that their mother was dead.

In the circus, the dreadlocked brothers were first said to hail from “a colony of sheep-headed people.” The brothers learned to play guitar and mandolin, which became a feature of their act. Showman Al G. Barnes then promoted them as White Ecuadorian cannibals. The Muse brothers traveled with Barnes all across the country and into Canada. Amazingly, they were never paid for their work and it was rumored they were sold among other promoters like slaves.

Lew Graham, a manager for Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus, marketed them as Eko and Iko, the “Ambassadors from Mars” discovered by spaceship wreckage in California’s Mojave Desert. The brothers donned stylish tuxedos and hats thus earning the fancy title. The name would remain with them until they retired.

In 1927, the brothers were reunited with their mother, Harriet. The Ringling circus came to Roanoke and Mrs. Muse tracked down her boys. The reunion was bittersweet, however, as she couldn’t keep her sons from returning to the circus. Mrs. Muse fought for her sons and their freedom, enlisting the help of a local attorney to sue Ringling for back pay and for keeping the brothers in bondage.

Ultimately the lawyer won a settlement for the Muse brothers and from then on they were paid by the circus.

Missing the road, the Muse brothers rejoined Ringling and were able to earn enough money to buy their mother a home. Mrs. Muse died in 1943.

The Muse brothers continued to perform and as they reached towards the tail end of their performing life, they were reportedly happy.

They traveled the world, even performing for the Queen of England.

The brothers, who never married, retired in 1961 and lived the rest of their lives in Roanoke, Va.

George, the eldest of the brothers, died in 1971. Willie lived until the age of 108, passing in 2001.

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12 thoughts on “Little Known Black History Fact: The Muse Brothers

  1. JonChad on said:

    Im from Roanoke Va. and Im related to alot Muse in Rocky Mount Va. these gentlemen are my cousins on my mom side of the family they even favor me facially.

  2. Read the book, Truevine, the author gives a through rich history overtime of the family, the community and the country during the brothers kidnapping and abysmal life in the circus. Eko and Iko, were rarely, given any wages to conduct humiliating and hideous characters in Barnum & Bailey Circus. But thank God for their mom, who always loved them and spent years searching for them, she took care of her sons.

  3. Shawn Scales on said:

    These two gentlemen are my distant relatives. My great-grandmother resides today in Truevine. My family are Muse’s and I did not know this until I saw the article on Facebook. My family really have some history.

    • Michelle Henry on said:

      We have reasons to believe that these were our cousins as well. My grandmother – Julia Muse – was one of 22 children. She was born and raised in the same town by here parents John and Daisy Muse. The Muse Family is gigantic. There are over 350 Muse Cousins just in Philadelphia alone.

  4. Shari Shadbolt on said:

    I was listening to National Public Radio on my way home from work tonight. They were interviewing the author of a new book about the Amuse Brothers. It was horrendous what happened to the brothers, not to mention their heart broken Mother. Was a piece of history and hardships that I knew nothing about if it wasn’t for NPR and this website. Thank you for the enlightenment of this history.

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