On February 28, Pope Benedict XVI officially resigned from his papal duties. This is the first time in 700 years that a Catholic pope has resigned at his own free will. The question has arisen as to whether or not Cardinal Peter Kodwo Appiah Turkson of Ghana will become the next to take over the leadership position. Many have said that he will represent as the first black pope. However, according to the Book of Pontiffs, there have been three African popes in Catholic history.