November 13: This Day in Black History
FEATURED: Buck O’Neil
1894:A.C. Richardson received a patent for a casket lowering device.
1894:Noted jazz pianist and bandleader Bennie Moten was born. He died from a botched tonsillectomy operation in 1935 at age 40.
1911:Baseball legend Buck O’Neil was born. He was the 1st African American coach in MLB. He passed away in 2006, aged 95.
1913:Pioneering surgeon, Dr. Daniel Hale Williams, became the 1st black member of the American college of Surgeons.
1928:Hampton Hawes was born. He was one of the finest jazz pianists in the ’50s. He died of a brain hemorrhage in 1977, aged 48.
1930:Benny Andrews was born. He was a painter, print-maker, creator of collages and educator. He passed in 2006, aged 76.
1951:Ballerina Janet Collins became the 1st black dancer to appear with the Metropolitan Opera Company.
1954:The Moonglows’ first hit, “Sincerely” (#20 pop, #1 R&B), and “Shoo Doo Be Doo” by their alter ego, the Moonlighters, were released the same day.
1955:Happy Birthday to actress & talk show host Whoopi Goldberg who turns 58 today.
1956:The Supreme Court of the United States declared Alabama laws requiring segregated buses illegal, thus ending the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
1961:Gene McDaniels charted with “Tower of Strength,” reaching #5 both R&B and pop.
1963:Picking up on Motown’s Motortown Revue idea, Atlantic records began its own Atlantic caravan of Stars roster including the Drifters, Ben E. King, Rufus Thomas, Otis Redding, the Falcons, Doris Troy, and King Curtis and his crew.
1965:The Crystals embarked on their second Dick Clark caravan of Stars tour, starting in New Haven, CT, along with the Supremes, Dee Dee Sharp, the Drifters, Bobby Freeman, Brian Hyland, and Lou Christie.
1967:Carl Stokes was elected mayor of Cleveland, OH, the 1st black to be elected mayor of a major city.
1971:’Inner City Blues’ by Marvin Gaye was the number one song this day.
1975: British songstress Joan Armatrading began a 30-city tour of the UK, along with label mates Supertramp, at Colston Hall, Bristol, Avon, England.
1985:New York Mets pitcher, Dwight Gooden, won the Cy Young Award.
1996:Jazz & R&B pianist and organist Bill Doggett passed away. He was 80 years old.
2004:Russell Jones aka Ol’ Dirty Bastard or ODB died of an accidental drug overdose. He was 35 years old.
2004:Errol Thompson passed away, aged 56. He was a record producer, audio engineer, and one of the 1st studio engineers to be involved in dub music.
2006:The ceremonial groundbreaking for the Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial took place.
2007:Robert Taylor passed away, aged 59. He was a sprinter who won gold and silver medals at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich.
2011:Teresa Hughes passed away, aged 80. She was a former Democrat state senator and assemblywoman from the Los Angeles area and only the 2nd black woman ever elected to that body.