August 24: This Day in Black History
FEATURED: Bayard Rustin
1889: Jan Matzeliger passed away. He was the inventor of the shoe lasting machine. Prior to his invention, shoes were made by hand (around 10 a day). His machine could produce up to 700 pairs a day. He died of tuberculosis at age 37.
1905: Arthur Crudup was born. He was a Blues, delta Blues and Rock & roll guitarist and singer. he passed away in 1974 at age 68.
1919: Harold Delaney was born. He was a scientist and worked as a chemist on the Manhattan Project in World War II that led to the development of the atomic bomb which ended the war. He died in 1994.
1942: Jimmy Soul was born. He was a singer. His 1963 hit ‘If You Wanna Be Happy’ was a number 1 hit. He died of a heart attack in 1988 at age 45.
1948: Edith Mae Irby became the first Black student to attend the University of Arkansas.
1950: Edith Sampson became the first black U.S. delegate to the United Nations.
1956: The Five Satins, the Channels, the Clovers, the Valentines, and the Schoolboys appeared at D. Jive’s Rock ‘n’ Roll Show at the Apollo Theater.
1962: Bob B. Sox & the Blue Jeans recorded the Phil Spector produced “Zip–Dee-Doo-Dah” (#8 pop). The group was really the Blossoms, with Darlene Love and studio singer Bobby Sheen on lead.
1965: Reggie Miller was born. He is a retired NBA player who spent his entire 18 years with the Indiana Pacers. He is an Olympic gold medalist and Basketball Hall of Famer. Currently, he is a commentator for TNT. He turns 48 today.
1967: Amanda Randolph passed away. She was was an actress, singer and musician. She was the first African-American performer to star in a regularly scheduled network television show, appearing in DuMont’s The Laytons. She was 70 years old.
1968: ‘Stay in My Corner’ by the Dells was the Number One R&B Song on this day.
1973: Dave Chappelle was born. He is a comedian, screenwriter, television/film producer, actor, and artist. He turns 40 today.
1978: Jomandi Productions, an African American Theater Company, was founded.
1978: Karrine Steffans was born. She is an author, actress, hip hop model and a video vixen. She turns 35 today.
1987: Bayard Rustin passed away. He was a leader in social movements for civil rights, socialism, pacifism and non-violence, and gay rights. He was 75 years old.
1989: Patti LaBelle appeared in the Who’s Tommy, with an all-star cast including Phil Collins and Elton John, at the Universal Amphitheater in Los Angeles. She played the part of the Acid Queen.
1991: Boyz II men’s debut album, Cooleyhighharmony, reached #3 pop. The quartet was discovered by New Edition/Bell Biv DeVoe member Micheal Bivins, who was performing at Philadelphia’s Civic Center. They began singing to him as he left the stage, and two months later he signed them to Motown through his production company.
1991: Lenny Kravitz’s “It Ain’ Over Til It’s Over” reached 32 pop, becoming his biggest hit.
1992: Wilson Pickett was arrested for driving with open bottles of vodka and beer cans in his car. This might have resulted in a lesser charge, but the discovery was made by police after Wilson hit the car of an eighty-six-year-old man, sending he driver to the hospital.
1996: Brandy, with help from Gladys Knight, Chaka Khan, and Tamia charted with “Missing You”
1997: As Micheal Jackson was about to start a concert in the Olympic Stadium in Helsinki, Finland, an escaped mental patient attempted to set fire to the stage and was subsequently carried away by police.
2011: Esther Gordy Edwards passed away at age 91. She and her brother Berry Gordy, Jr. successfully built Motown Records. She was an executive there for nearly 30 years.