Lapchick has been conducting his study since 1988. He said changes among players were within yearly fluctuations. African-American players on opening-day rosters dropped to 8.3 percent this year from 8.9 percent last season, and the percentage of Latino players rose from 27.5 to 28.2.
Managers of color remained at five this year, down from 10 as recently as 2010. For coaches, 39.1 percent were people of color in 2012, up from 31.2 in 2011.
GMs increased by one to four, but Lapchick included San Francisco’s David Martinez, whose title is general manager retail. There are no women or people of color who are controlling owners or CEOs.
“Major League Baseball has made important strides in instilling overall diversity throughout our industry, and today’s findings illustrate the depth of those efforts,” Commissioner Bud Selig said. “We recognize, however, that there is more to accomplish and improve upon.”
MLB last month instituted an 18-member task force that will study ways to increase diversity in the game, especially among black players.